HAVE, HAS dan HAD


Ketiga kata kerja have, has dan had berarti mempunyai, yang mempunyai dua fungsi,
yaitu:
1.     Sebagai Full Verb atau kata kerja penuh
Have, has dan had adalah kata kerja yang artinya mempunyai, ketiga verb tersebut berbeda dalam penggunaannya.

HAVE digunakan pada simple present tense dan digunakan untuk mengikuti subjek seperti (I, you, we, they dan subjek lebih dari satu orang seperti The students).
Contoh:
-          I have a lot of friends
-          They have good teachers

HAS juga digunakan pada simple present tense, namun khusus mengikuti subjek seperti (she, he, it,  orang tunggal seperti the student).
Cotoh:
-          She has a lot of boyfriends
-          The student has English dictionary 

HAD digunakan pada simple past tense dan mengikuti semua subjek. Contoh:
-          I had much money last Monday
-          She had a lot of friends when she was in Ngabang

2.     Sebagai Auxiliary Verb atau kata kerja bantu
Have, has dan had disini mempunyai arti “sudah”. Dan digunakan pada tenses Perfect tense. Contohnya:
-          I have studied English three time a week (Present perfect tense)
-       We have been staying in the hotel since two days ago. (Present Perfect continuous tense)
-     She would have bought a new house if she had had a lot of money. (Conditional sentence, Past perfect)
Adapun penggunaan Have, has dan had sebagai auxiliary verb mengikuti rumus masing-masing tenses, seperti
-          S + Have/Has + Verb 3 + Object  (Present Perfect tense)
-          S + Have/Has + Been + Verb + Ing (Present Perfect Continuous tense)
-          S + Had + Verb 3 + Object (Past Perfect tense)

60 comments:

  1. thanks atas ilmunya, jadi bisa membedakan nih,,
    sedikit-sedikit..
    lama-lama menjadi bukit..

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  2. postingannya byk membantu, makasih, GBU

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  3. dab,, tell me more than it,, actually while we use tenses simple past tense follow additional time?
    can you?

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  4. Postingannya sangat bermanfaat!

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  5. Mantap bero....Penggunaan Bahasa Inggris yang sesuai kaidah memang sangat berguna untuk masa depan...

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  6. semoga menjadi pahala :]

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  7. ok it had help me, thks

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  8. bagaimana dengan penggunaan "had been"
    thank before

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    Replies
    1. you have known isn't

      Delete
  9. Penggunaan Had been,
    1. Subjek yang digunakan adalah seperti, she, he, it, dan nama orang tunggal.
    contoh: she had been ill since two days ago
    2. setelah had been, kita menempatkan non verb atau kata sifat, keterangan, pokonya bukan kata kerja. contoh sama seperti diatas
    3. setelah had been bisa menggunakan kata kerja, tetapi ditambah dengan ing.
    contoh: she had been writing a book for 2 hours.
    biasa digunakan untuk bentuk present perfect continous tense..

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  10. how with has been i have problem with these

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    Replies
    1. "Has been"
      digunakan untuk kalimat yang bersubjek HE, SHE, IT, RONY (nama orang, tunggal).
      Misalnya: She has been ill since yesterday.

      Delete
  11. thank you! for your teching

    ReplyDelete
  12. its teaching.. --a

    thanks a bunch for the enlightenment!

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  13. Pendahaga Ilmu Tuhan21 August 2013 07:25

    thanks a lot!!! banyak membantu!

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  14. correcting > i have studied english three times, not three time :)

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    Replies
    1. Thanks for the correction Albab...

      Delete
  15. Mucho Gracias Paisha...

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  16. thanks ya , sanagat membantu.

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  17. I can learn a lot of english lesson from your blog Mr. Aspiandi. Do you english teacher?

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    Replies
    1. Yes, I am an English teacher in one of the school in West Borneo ... Your blog is very good, I've read it ...
      Thanks pak ...

      Delete
  18. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  19. thanks atas post nya... singkat dan jelas tdk bertele2
    mantapp (y)

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  20. Thanks a lot for your sharing

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  21. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  22. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  23. Good day,
    nk tanye..how to use WAS..
    eg.
    the meeting was cancel by MD .it is correct.
    or the meeting had cancel by MD .pls advise

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. berdasarkan contoh diatas, yang benar adalah
      "The meeting was cancelled by MD" (ini adalah kalimat passive)
      Selain digunakan untuk bentuk PAST, was juga digunakan untuk kalimat yang berbentuk passive.
      Semoga bermanfaat ... thanks

      Delete
    2. TQVM..
      Kalau sy cakap ..bagaimana pula kalau sy nk guna kan.
      Has /have or had been .boleh ke seperti ini.
      The meeting has been cancelled by MD.
      The sample had been sent yesterday ..harap bantu ..

      Delete
    3. Kedua kalimat itu adalah passive dari Present perfect tense (Has/Have) dan past perfect tense (had + been).
      Jadi *The meeting has been cancelled by MD" dan *The sample had been sent yesterday BOLEH DIGUNAKAN.
      Tapi alangkah baiknya menggunakan The sample was sent yesterday (karena dilakukan kemarin). TENSES harus juga melihat kapan waktu itu terjadi.

      Delete
  24. Dari sisi aturan struktutur dan pengucapan, bahasa Inggris itu merepotkan. salah satunya ketika haru bicara "mempunyai" saja kita harus melihat dulu kapan waktu mempunyainya, siapa yang mempunyai. untungnya sekrang banyak tutorial berkuaalitas, seperti blog ini.

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    Replies
    1. Thanks atas kunjungannya, ... yah, saya hanya menggunakan kata-kata yang sederhana saja, pengalaman mengajar menjadi hal yang sangat bermanfaat ...

      Delete
  25. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  26. Makasih kak, lumayan dapat pencerahan nih tadi pas nulis bingung has apa have.. lupak. XD

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    Replies
    1. Iya, terima kasih juga kunjungannya ...

      Delete
  27. Thank you. I always confused about "had, has" and "have".

    I just try to practice my english even though I know I have much fault in grammar (⌒˛⌒)

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    Replies
    1. You're welcome ...
      Only practice, practice, and practice. because practice makes perfect.

      Delete
  28. Makasih pak :) sangat bermanfaat :)

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  29. I learn English by myself and honestly i really don't understand about this chapter since the first time. Your information such a gold. It help me a lot!!
    Thanks mate

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  30. Thank you for your information,because it really helped me to learn...!!!
    Good luck Forever............ ;) (Y)

    ReplyDelete