Tentang Passive Voice

Menjelaskan tentang Passive voice di kelas tidak bisa dengan menggunakan waktu yang singkat, perlu penjelasan yang detail karena passive voice mempunyai banyak pola kalimat, paling tidak ada 2 atau 3 pola kalimat harus kita berikan kepada siswa, misalnya bentuk passive dari I open the door itu apa?, ada banyak perubahan yang kita lakukan, yang pertama adalah Subjeknya akan menjadi objek dan sebaliknya, kemudian setiap kata kerja akan menggunakan to be dan kata kerja ke tiga, maka kalimat tersebut akan menjadi The door is opened by me, Sulit ya?, baiklah akan saya jelaskan tentang passive voice di bawah ini.

Passive voice adalah kalimat yang subyeknya dikenai aksi dari kata kerjanya, atau kalimat yang menyatakan apa yang terjadi pada subyek kalimat, sedangkan kalimat aktif adalah kalimat yang menyatakan subyek kalimat melakukan apa. Dalam bahasa Indonesia  kalimat pasif diterjemahkan dengan menggunakan awalan di- atau ter-

FORM: SUBJECT + BE + THE PAST PARTICIPLE (V3)

Be dalam kalimat pasif menentukan jenis Tense dari kalimat tersebut.

The present tense (am, is , are)
The past tense (was, were)
Infinitive (be)
-ing form (being)
the past participle (been)

Contoh kalimat passive yang menggunakan kata kerja Drive (drive-drove-driven)

1.       The simple present tense
Subject + be (am/is/are) + the past participle
(active)                              Someone drives the car everyday
(passive)                           The car is driven everyday
(Passive Question)              Is the car driven everyday?
(Passive Negative)              The car is not driven everyday.

2.       The Simple Past tense
Subject + be (was/were) + the past participle
(active)                              Someone drove the car
(Passive)                           The car was driven
(Passive Question)              was the car driven?
(Passive Negative)              The car was not driven

3.       The simple future tense
Subject + will + be + the past participle
(active)                              Someone will drive the car
(Passive)                           The car will be driven
(Passive question)              Will the car be driven?
(Passive Negative)              The car will not be driven.

4.       The simple future tense
Subject + be (am/is/are) going to + be + the past participle
(active)                              Someone is going to drive the car
(pasiive)                            The car is going to be driven
(Passive question)              Is the car going to be driven?
(Passive Negative)              The car is not going to be driven

5.       The present continuous tense
Subject + be (am/is/are) + being + the past participle
(active)                              Someone is driving the car
(Passive)                           The car is being driven
(Passive question)              Is the car being driven?
(Passive Negative)             The car is not being driven

6.       The past continuous tense
Subject + be (was/were) + being + the past participle
(active)                              Someone was driving the car
(Passive)                           The car was being driven
(Passive question)              Was the car being driven?
(Passive Negative)              The car was not being driven

7.       The present perfect tense
Subject + has/heve + been + the past participle
(active)                              Someone has driven the car
(Passive)                           The car has been driven
(Passive Question)              Has the car been driven?
(Passive Negative)              The car has not been driven

8.       The past perfect tense
Subject + had + been + the past participle
(active)                              Someone had driven the car.
(passive)                           The car had been driven
(passive question)              Had the car been driven?        
(passive Negative)             The car had not been driven

9.       The future perfect tense
Subject + will have + been + the past participle
(active)                              Someone will have driven the car
(passive)                           The car will have been driven
(Passive question)              Will the car have been driven?
(Passive Negative)              The car will not have been driven


 Perubahan personal pronoun nya adalah sebagai berikut

Sebagai subyek
Sebagai objek
I
ME
YOU
YOU
WE
US
THEY
THEM
HE
HIM
SHE
HE
IT
IT


Cobalah latihan dibawah ini 
·         Ubahlah kalimat The simple present tense berikut menjadi kalimat pasif.
1.       Those clever students study English everyday.
2.       My private secretary always types my letters quickly.
3.       My younger sister makes cakes with me in the kitchen.
4.       We find pearls in oysters.
5.       The driver washes the car every morning.

·         Ubahlah kalimat berikut menjadi kalimat pasif.
1.       He was preparing an extra flight.
2.       I have reserved a table for two.
3.       They don’t accept credit cards.
4.       We sold the business at a loss.
5.       I don’t need your clarity.
Perumahan Guru Di Pedalaman (Bagan Asam)

5 comments:

  1. sangat bermanfaat ... terimakasih

    ReplyDelete
  2. terimakasih, penjelasannya membantu sekali.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Terimakasih..

    ReplyDelete
  4. wih.. bagus banget ini Arigatou Gozaimassu kakak..

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Ya, thanks juga atas kunjungannya.

      Delete